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Gene Therapy for Hemophilia A: Where We Stand

[ Vol. 20 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Miaojin Zhou, Zhiqing Hu, Chunhua Zhang, Lingqian Wu, Zhuo Li* and Desheng Liang*   Pages 142 - 151 ( 10 )

Abstract:


Hemophilia A (HA) is a hereditary hemorrhagic disease caused by a deficiency of coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) in blood plasma. Patients with HA usually suffer from spontaneous and recurrent bleeding in joints and muscles, or even intracerebral hemorrhage, which might lead to disability or death. Although the disease is currently manageable via delivery of plasma-derived or recombinant FVIII, this approach is costly, and neutralizing antibodies may be generated in a large portion of patients, which render the regimens ineffective and inaccessible. Given the monogenic nature of HA and that a slight increase in FVIII can remarkably alleviate the phenotypes, HA has been considered to be a suitable target disease for gene therapy. Consequently, the introduction of a functional F8 gene copy into the appropriate target cells via viral or nonviral delivery vectors, including gene correction through genome editing approaches, could ultimately provide an effective therapeutic method for HA patients. In this review, we discuss the recent progress of gene therapy for HA with viral and nonviral delivery vectors, including piggyBac, lentiviral and adeno-associated viral vectors, as well as new raising issues involving liver toxicity, pre-existing neutralizing antibodies of viral approach, and the selection of the target cell type for nonviral delivery.

Keywords:

Hemophilia A, gene therapy, BDD-F8, lentiviral, adeno-associated viral, nonviral.

Affiliation:

Center for Medical Genetics & Hunan Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics, School of Life Sciences, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410078, Center for Medical Genetics & Hunan Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics, School of Life Sciences, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410078, Center for Medical Genetics & Hunan Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics, School of Life Sciences, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410078, Center for Medical Genetics & Hunan Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics, School of Life Sciences, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410078, Center for Medical Genetics & Hunan Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics, School of Life Sciences, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410078, Center for Medical Genetics & Hunan Key Laboratory of Medical Genetics, School of Life Sciences, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410078

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