Pooja Shah, Vishal Chavda, Snehal Patel*, Shraddha Bhadada and Ghulam Md. Ashraf Pages 223 - 235 ( 13 )
Background: Postprandial hyperglycemia considered to be a major risk factor for cerebrovascular complications.Objective: The current study was designed to elucidate the beneficial role of voglibose via in-silico in vitro to in-vivo studies in improving the postprandial glycaemic state by protection against strokeprone type 2 diabetes. Materials and Methods: In-Silico molecular docking and virtual screening were carried out with the help of iGEMDOCK+ Pymol+docking software and Protein Drug Bank database (PDB). Based on the results of docking studies, in-vivo investigation was carried out for possible neuroprotective action. T2DM was induced by a single injection of streptozotocin (90mg/kg, i.v.) to neonates. Six weeks after induction, voglibose was administered at the dose of 10mg/kg p.o. for two weeks. After eight weeks, diabetic rats were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion, and after 72 hours of surgery, neurological deficits were determined. The blood was collected for the determination of serum glucose, CK-MB, LDH and lipid levels. Brains were excised for determination of brain infarct volume, brain hemisphere weight difference, Na+-K+ ATPase activity, ROS parameters, NO levels, and aldose reductase activity. Results: In-silico docking studies showed good docking binding score for stroke associated proteins, which possibly hypotheses neuroprotective action of voglibose in stroke. In the present in-vivo study, pre-treatment with voglibose showed a significant decrease (p<0.05) in serum glucose and lipid levels. Voglibose has shown significant (p<0.05) reduction in neurological score, brain infarct volume, the difference in brain hemisphere weight. On biochemical evaluation, treatment with voglibose produced significant (p<0.05) decrease in CK-MB, LDH, and NO levels in blood and reduction in Na+-K+ ATPase, oxidative stress, and aldose reductase activity in brain homogenate. Conclusion: In-silico molecular docking and virtual screening studies and in-vivo studies in MCAo induced stroke, animal model outcomes support the strong anti-stroke signature for possible neuroprotective therapeutics.
Cerebrovascular disease, hyperglycemia, focal ischemia, vascular damage, voglibose, stroke.
Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacy, Nirma University, Ahmadabad, Gujarat, 382 481, Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacy, Nirma University, Ahmadabad, Gujarat, 382 481, Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacy, Nirma University, Ahmadabad, Gujarat, 382 481, Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacy, Nirma University, Ahmadabad, Gujarat, 382 481, King Fahd Medical Research Center, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah