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Phenotypic Characterization of a Family With An In-frame Deletion in the DMD Gene and Variable Penetrance

[ Vol. 18 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Inmaculada Perez-Sanchez, Maria Sabater-Molina*, Maria Elisa Nicolas Rocamora, Guillermo Glover, Fuensanta Escudero, Pedro de Mingo Casado and Juan Ramon Gimeno-Blanes   Pages 246 - 251 ( 6 )

Abstract:


Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a disorder with variable expression caused by framedisrupting mutations in the dystrophin gene. It is characterized by progressive muscle weakness and dilated cardiomyopathy. In-frame dystrophin mutations cause a clinically moderate disorder named Becker muscular dystrophy. Our aim was to study the clinical and genetic characteristics of a family with inherited cardiomyopathy and Becker muscular dystrophy.

The index case was diagnosed with psychomotor retardation at 5 years of age. Asymmetric left ventricular hypertrophy and a long QT interval were evidenced at the age of 12. Mild muscular weakness was developed subsequently. Three genetic variants were identified in the index case: p.Arg891Alafs*160 in the MYBPC3 gene, p.Thr263Met in the KCNJ5 gene, and p.Ser2437_Ile2554delinsPhe in the DMD gene. The latter was expected to generate an in-frame deletion of exons 51 and 52 of the dystrophin gene.

A family study revealed that the father and 3 uncles were carriers of the MYBPC3 mutation. The mother and a maternal grandfather were carriers of the other 2 variants. The 80-year-old grandfather, who had the dystrophin mutation, showed no sign of cardiomyopathy or muscular weakness.

The deletion of exons 51 and 52 in the DMD gene, which has been proposed as one of the therapeutic strategies for Duchenne, is consistent with a normal life expectancy and the absence of myopathic symptoms in hemizygous males.

Keywords:

Duchenne muscular dystrophy, Cardiomyopathy, Dystrophin, exons, Deletion, MYBPC3, Myopathic symptoms.

Affiliation:

Inherited Cardiac Disease Unit, University Hospital Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, Inherited Cardiac Disease Unit, University Hospital Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, Internal Medicine Department, University of Murcia. Murcia, Center of Clinical Genetics and Biochemistry, University Hospital Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, Pediatrics Service, University Hospital Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, Neurology Service, University Hospital, Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia, Inherited Cardiac Disease Unit, University Hospital Virgen de la Arrixaca, Murcia



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