Submit Manuscript  

Article Details


How Do Dendritic Cells Play the Role in Ischemia/Reperfusion Triggered Kidney Allograft Rejection

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 6 ]

Author(s):

Songjie Cai*, Naotsugu Ichimaru and Shiro Takahara*   Pages 400 - 404 ( 5 )

Abstract:


In deceased donors, Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury (IRI) is an important cause of allograft dysfunction. Prolonged cold and warm ischemia time leads to a high risk of early post-transplant complications, including acute and chronic rejection. Ischemia not only up-regulates inflammatory cytokines and chemokines, but also enhances the expression of MHC-class II and adhesion molecules on epithelial and dendritic cells. Moreover, the Danger Associated Molecular Patterns (DAMPs) released from stressed or dying cells, not only cause or amplify tissue inflammation and trigger tissue repair in response to IRI, but also act as adjuvants that enhance DC maturation and potentiate the adaptive immune response. In this review, we will also discuss about whether donor or recipient DCs are more important in the process of ischemia enhanced acute rejection.

Keywords:

Dendritic cells, Kidney transplantation, Allograft rejection, Ischemia/reperfusion injury, APC, CTLs.

Affiliation:

Department of Advanced Technology for Transplantation, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Department of Advanced Technology for Transplantation, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Department of Advanced Technology for Transplantation, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka



Read Full-Text article