Sivaprakash Ramalingam, Narayana Annaluru, Karthikeyan Kandavelou and Srinivasan Chandrasegaran Pages 461 - 472 ( 12 )
Generation and precise genetic correction of patient-derived hiPSCs have great potential in regenerative medicine. Such targeted genetic manipulations can now be achieved using gene-editing nucleases. Here, we report generation of cystic fibrosis (CF) and Gaucher’s disease (GD) hiPSCs respectively from CF (homozygous for CFTRΔF508 mutation) and Type II GD [homozygous for β-glucocerebrosidase (GBA) 1448T>C mutation] patient fibroblasts, using CCR5- specific TALENs. Site-specific addition of loxP-flanked Oct4/Sox2/Klf4/Lin28/Nanog/eGFP gene cassette at the endogenous CCR5 site of patient-derived disease-specific primary fibroblasts induced reprogramming, giving rise to both monoallele (heterozygous) and biallele CCR5-modified hiPSCs. Subsequent excision of the donor cassette was done by treating CCR5-modified CF and GD hiPSCs with Cre. We also demonstrate site-specific correction of sickle cell disease (SCD) mutations at the endogenous HBB locus of patient-specific hiPSCs [TNC1 line that is homozygous for mutated β- globin alleles (βS/βS)], using HBB-specific TALENs. SCD-corrected hiPSC lines showed gene conversion of the mutated βS to the wild-type βA in one of the HBB alleles, while the other allele remained a mutant phenotype. After excision of the loxP-flanked DNA cassette from the SCD-corrected hiPSC lines using Cre, we obtained secondary heterozygous βS/βA hiPSCs, which express the wild-type (βA) transcript to 30-40% level as compared to uncorrected (βS/βS) SCD hiPSCs when differentiated into erythroid cells. Furthermore, we also show that TALEN-mediated generation and genetic correction of disease-specific hiPSCs did not induce any off-target mutations at closely related sites.
Cystic fibrosis (CF), Gaucher’s disease (GD), gene correction, sickle cell disease (SCD), transcription activatorlike effector nucleases (TALENs), zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs).
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.